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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 282-283
About gold in human semen

1 Sree Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences, Chalakka 683 594, Ernakulam, India
2 University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (Mercy), 1400 Locust St, Pittsburgh PA 15219, USA
3 Malabar Institute of Medical sciences, Calicut - 673 016, India

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Date of Web Publication 16-Feb-2011

How to cite this article:
Skandhan K P, Sumangala B, Khan P S, Amith S, Avni K. About gold in human semen. Int J Ayurveda Res 2010;1:282-3

How to cite this URL:
Skandhan K P, Sumangala B, Khan P S, Amith S, Avni K. About gold in human semen. Int J Ayurveda Res [serial online] 2010 [cited 2013 Apr 19];1:282-3. Available from:

Supporting the work of Jain et al. (1:172-174, 2010), we add the following.

  • Authors referred the first report of gold in semen of 1981, which was carried out by employing neutron activation analysis. [1]
  • Processing semen sample for atomic absorption spectrophotometric study was modified and has been in regular use. [2]
  • By employing atomic absorption spectrophotometer, we estimated gold in normal and pathological semen samples, resulting in a clue that gold is essential for normal functioning of spermatozoa. [3],[4]
  • By using Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDAX) on electron microscope, we observed gold inside and outside human spermatozoa. [5]
  • The presence of the metal in human male system was studied with X-ray diffraction analysis method. Gold was present throughout human male genital system except in seminal vesicles. [6] Initially, by employing mass emission spectroscope, we had shown that gold reached semen from caput epididymis. [7] The gold remained in a trimetal complex with copper and zinc. [6] Direct couple plasma emission spectroscope failed to show gold in semen. [8]
  • "Suvarna bhasma" (Gold Ash) was found to be very useful in the treatment of different pathological conditions. [9]
  • Gold may be entering body through drinking water and food. Study on this line was designed. It was present in human semen of both sets of people: i) where soil had gold content and ii) where soil had no measurable amount of gold. Gold content in semen was more in the people where gold was present in soil. [10] Further, the difference in the quality of semen surrounding a gold mine and away will be published elsewhere.

   References   Top

1. Skandhan KP. Gold in human semen. Andrologia 1981; 13: 78-81.  Back to cited text no. 1
2. Skandhan KP. Copper in seminal plasma: Comparison of two processing methods for atomic absorption spectrophotometric study. Arch Androl 1986;16:243-5.   Back to cited text no. 2
3. Skandhan KP. Gold in seminal plasma of normal and pathological specimens. Israel J Med Sci 1981;17:769-70.  Back to cited text no. 3
4. Skandhan KP, Sumangala B, Mehta YB, Roy PB, Amith S, Avni KP. Level of gold in normal and pathological semen. Urologia 2010;77:254-6.  Back to cited text no. 4
5. Skandhan KP, Sumangala B, Amith S, Avni KP. Electron microscopic (Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis) study on human male reproductive organs and semen. Biol Trace Elem Res 2010. Available from: [Last none accessed on 2010 June 5].  Back to cited text no. 5
6. Skandhan KP, Amith S, Avni KP. X ray diffraction study on human male reproductive tract and semen. Urologia 2009;76:198-202.  Back to cited text no. 6
7. Skandhan KP, Abraham KC. Presence of several elements in normal and pathological human semen sample and its origin. Andrologia 1984;16:587-8.  Back to cited text no. 7
8. Skandhan KP, Pandya CB. Direct couple plasma emission spectroscopic study on human seminal plasma. Adv Contra Dely Syst 1986 ; 2: 256-57  Back to cited text no. 8
9. Skandhan KP, Singh G, Prasad SB, Thakar AB, Godatwar PR, Rao N, et al. Veracity of ′Suvarna Bhasma′ (gold ash), an indigenous Ayurvedic preparation as a therapeutic agent for male infertility. J Ayur 2009;3:83-6.  Back to cited text no. 9
10. Sahab Khan P, Skandhan KP, Ajesh K, Siraj MV. Gold in human semen around and away from a gold deposit area. Biol Trace Elem Res 2010. http://www.nebi, Aug 3.  Back to cited text no. 10

Correspondence Address:
K P Skandhan
Sree Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences, Chalakka 683 594, Ernakulam
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PMC citations 1

DOI: 10.4103/0974-7788.76798

PMID: 21455459

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